The SUCCULAVIO-JUGULAR ANGLE is formed by the confluence of the left internal jugular vein and the left subclavian vein. At this level, the thoracic duct terminates, emptying the lymph it contains into the venous system. 

SUCCULAVIO-JUGULAR ANGLE:

Anatomy of the Succulavio-Jugular Angle The succulavio-jugular angle is formed by the junction of the subclavian vein and the internal jugular vein. The subclavian vein is one of the major veins of the arm, carrying deoxygenated blood back to the heart. The internal jugular vein is a large vein that receives blood from the head and neck and carries it toward the heart. These two veins join together to form a characteristic angle. 

Function of the Succulavio-Jugular Angle 

The succulavio-jugular angle plays a key role in lymphatic drainage and venous circulation. In the lymphatic system, this region is involved in draining lymph from the head and neck. Lymph is a clear fluid that carries white blood cells and other immune system substances. Proper lymph drainage is essential for maintaining fluid balance in the body and preventing the accumulation of fluid, which could cause swelling or edema. 

In venous circulation, the succulavio-jugular angle is an important pathway for the return of blood from the head and neck to the heart. When blood reaches this region, it is collected by the jugular and subclavian veins and then transported to the superior vena cava, which carries it to the heart for oxygenation. 

Clinical Relevance of the Succulavio-Jugular Angle 

The succulavio-jugular angle can be affected by various clinical conditions, including: 

Lymph Node Hyperplasia: Inflammation or enlargement of lymph nodes can obstruct proper lymphatic drainage in the succulavio-jugular angle, causing swelling and discomfort. Venous Thrombosis: The formation of blood clots in the subclavian or jugular veins can interfere with blood circulation and lead to serious complications. Infectious Diseases: Infections in the neck area can also affect the veins and lymph nodes in the succulavio-jugular angle. Manual Lymphatic Drainage: In manual lymphatic drainage, this region can be treated manually to stimulate lymphatic drainage and reduce fluid accumulation. 

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