Eponym sometimes used to identify congenital (neonatal lymphedema) proper with heredo-familial basis. Figure: Congenital lymphedema of the upper and lower extremities.

When taking care of lymphedema patients, it should not be forgotten that patients with severe lymphedemas of the limbs often have concurrent muscular-skeletal impairments, partly due to the lack of use of the limb, but, above all, to its weight which, in some cases, may be more than double that of a healthy limb, thus causing major repercussions on bone-tendon structures. For example, scapulohumeral periarthritis is a typical condition in secondary lymphedema patients of the upper limb. Figure: Some examples of physical exercises in patients with limb lymphedema.