Lymphangiodyplasias encompass a wide variety of congenital (and acquired) alterations in the development of the lymphatic system, characterized by aplasia, hypoplasia, or hyperplasia of lymphatic tissue. Dysplastic changes can affect lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes, individually or in combination, giving rise to complex pathological conditions that have recently been grouped into a nosological classification proposed by C. Papendiek, which includes three groups of dysplasias: 


Lymphangiodyplasias: The most significant clinical manifestations of dysplastic alterations include cystic hygroma, fetal hydrops, lymphangioma, and more commonly, chylous and/or lymphatic reflux syndromes, as well as peripheral lymphedema. 

Lymphangiography with CT (Lymphangio-CT): Combining the Power of CT Scans and Lymphangiography for Enhanced Imaging 

Traditional CT scans allow the visualization of potential lymphadenopathies but not the complete lymphatic structures. It is routinely used primarily for oncological staging. However, when combined with a lymphangiographic examination, following the Kinmonth method, involving the injection of a radio-opaque liposoluble contrast medium directly into the lymphatic system, it becomes possible to achieve a detailed visualization of the lymphatic and lymph node structures. By combining the known features of spiral CT scans with the resolution and accuracy of this more specific diagnostic method, Lymphangio-CT provides a comprehensive and enhanced imaging approach. 

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