Although words like lymphocyte, lymph node, lymph, and lymphatic vessels are common in daily medical activities, Lymphology has always been considered as a sort of younger sister to Angiology or Phlebology. Also, apart from few pioneer physicians, it has never been investigated as a discreet, well identified area of research.

Therefore, the following “Dictionary” aims to be a sort of metaphorical “window” on the extensive and still poorly explored world of lymphatic diseases, as well as to provide some useful, basic information for a correct diagnosis of patients affected by lymphatic-lymph node disorders.

Questo “Dizionario” vuole, quindi, rappresentare una sorta di metaforica “finestra” sul vasto ed ancora poco inesplorato mondo della patologia linfatica e fornire utili elementi di conoscenza di base per una corretta diagnosi e gestione del paziente affetto da alterazioni del sistema linfatico-linfonoidale.


Eponym used to define the cisterna chyli. It was named after anatomist Joannis Pecquet who first described this anatomic entity.


Local treatment method mostly employed in cancer treatment, whereby ionizing electromagnetic radiations (X-rays or gamma-rays) are used to target the DNA. It may have curative, adjuvant, or palliative purposes. It is a key component in mutimodal conservative breast cancer treatment. However, from a lymphologic point of view, it is one of the major causes of lymphatic structure fibrosis, therefore it is often responsible for worsening the clinical picture and lymphostasis.
Figure: Outcome of radiotherapy in post-mastectomy patient.

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